Das Grand Final der Australian Football League (AFL) zwischen den West Coast Der raue Sport, in Australien "Footy" oder "Aussie Rules" genannt, hat in den. Australian Football, auch als Australian Rules Football, Aussie Rules oder einfach „Football“ oder „Footy“ bezeichnet, ist eine Footballvariante, die mit einem ellipsoidförmigen Ball auf einem großen, elliptischen Spielfeld mit vier Pfosten an. Australian Football, auch als Australian Rules Football, Aussie Rules oder einfach „Football“ oder „Footy“ bezeichnet, ist eine Fußballvariante, die mit einem.
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Aussie Rules Object of the Game VideoWatch the best moments of the season - 2018 - AFL Rules of Aussie Rules Football. Umpires signal for all decisions and their call is final; By kicking the ball between the goal posts without it being touched by any other player, then 6 points are awarded. If the ball is kicked without being touched between the behind posts (point) then 1 point is scored. A game consist of four 20 minute quarters. Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, or simply called "Aussie rules", "football" or "footy", is a contact sport played between two teams of 18 players on an oval field, often a modified cricket ground. This page is about AFL , (Aussie rules/Australia). If you're searching for results from an other competition with the name AFL, please select your sport in the top menu or a category (country) on the left. Follow AFL for live scores, final results, fixtures and standings!. Follow AFL standings, overall, home/away and form (last 5 games) AFL standings. We have all of the Australian AFL football fixtures for today, this week & every season. We not only have all of the AFL regular season schedule along with all of theAFL play-offs making ScoresPro the #1 Aussie Rules football fixtures site for the Australian AFL.
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Alternative Titles: Australian football, Melbourne rules football, Victorian rules football. Britannica Quiz. Sports Firsts Through the Ages Quiz.
Points are scored by kicking the oval ball between the middle goal posts worth six points or between a goal and behind post worth one point.
During general play, players may position themselves anywhere on the field and use any part of their bodies to move the ball. The primary methods are kicking , handballing and running with the ball.
There are rules on how the ball can be handled, for example, players running with the ball must intermittently bounce or touch it on the ground.
Throwing the ball is not allowed and players must not get caught holding the ball. A distinctive feature of the game is the mark , where players anywhere on the field who catch the ball from a kick with specific conditions are awarded possession.
Players can tackle using their hands or use their whole body to obstruct opponents. Dangerous physical contact such as pushing an opponent in the back , interference when marking and deliberately slowing the play are discouraged with free kicks, distance penalties or suspension for a certain number of matches, depending on the severity of the infringement.
The game features frequent physical contests, spectacular marking , fast movement of both players and the ball and high scoring. The sport's origins can be traced to football matches played in Melbourne , Victoria , in , inspired by English public school football games.
Seeking to develop a game more suited to adults and Australian conditions, the Melbourne Football Club published the first laws of Australian football in May , making it the oldest of the world's major football codes.
Australian football has the highest spectator attendance and television viewership of all sports in Australia,   while the Australian Football League AFL , the sport's only fully professional competition, is the nation's wealthiest sporting body.
The sport is also played at amateur level in many countries and in several variations. Australian rules football is known by several nicknames, including Aussie rules, football and footy.
There is evidence of football being played sporadically in the Australian colonies in the first half of the 19th century. Compared to cricket and horse racing , football was considered a mere "amusement" at the time, and while little is known about these early one-off games, it is clear they share no causal link with Australian football.
On 10 July , the Melbourne-based Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle published a letter by Tom Wills , captain of the Victoria cricket team , calling for the formation of a "foot-ball club" with a "code of laws" to keep cricketers fit during winter.
His letter is regarded by many historians as giving impetus for the development of a new code of football today known as Australian football.
Hammersley and J. Trees were used as goalposts and play typically lasted an entire afternoon. Without an agreed upon code of laws, some players were guided by rules they had learned in the British Isles, "others by no rules at all".
Another significant milestone in was a match played under experimental rules between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College , held at the Richmond Paddock.
This a-side contest, umpired by Wills and Scotch College teacher John Macadam , began on 7 August and continued over two subsequent Saturdays, ending in a draw with each side kicking one goal.
Since the early 20th century, it has been suggested that Australian football was derived from the Irish sport of Gaelic football , which was not codified until The evidence that he knew of the game is only circumstantial, and according to biographer Greg de Moore's research, Wills was "almost solely influenced by his experience at Rugby School".
A loosely organised Melbourne side, captained by Wills, played against other football enthusiasts in the winter and spring of These are the laws from which Australian football evolved.
The rules were distributed throughout the colony; Thompson in particular did much to promote the new code in his capacity as a journalist.
Following Melbourne's lead, Geelong and Melbourne University also formed football clubs in A South Yarra side devised its own rules.
Harrison ,  an influential pioneer who took up football in at the invitation of Wills, his cousin.
The game around this time was defensive and low-scoring, played low to the ground in congested rugby-style scrimmages. The typical match was a per-side affair, played with a ball that was roughly spherical, and lasted until a team scored two goals.
Football gradually adapted to an oval-shaped field, and most grounds in Victoria expanded to accommodate the dual purpose—a situation that continues to this day.
Football became organised in South Australia in with the formation of the Adelaide Football Club , the oldest football club in Australia outside Victoria.
As clubs began touring the colonies in the late s, the sport spread to New South Wales , and in , the first intercolonial match took place in Melbourne between Victoria and South Australia.
The sport reached Queensland as early as , and experienced a period of dominance there,  but, like in New Zealand and areas of New South Wales north of the Riverina , it struggled to thrive, largely due to the spread of rugby football with British migration, regional rivalries and the lack of strong local governing bodies.
In the case of Sydney , denial of access to grounds, the influence of university headmasters from Britain who favoured rugby, and the loss of players to other codes inhibited the game's growth.
In , delegates from six of the wealthiest VFA clubs— Carlton , Essendon , Fitzroy , Geelong, Melbourne and South Melbourne —met to discuss the formation of a breakaway professional competition.
The VFL's popularity grew rapidly as it made several innovations, such as instituting a finals system, reducing teams from 20 to 18 players, and introducing the behind as a score.
While scratch matches were played by Australian " diggers " in remote locations around the world, the game lost many of its great players to wartime service.
Some clubs and competitions never fully recovered. Between and , a proposed hybrid code of Australian football and rugby league , the predominant code of football in New South Wales and Queensland, was trialed without success.
In Queensland, the state league went into recess for the duration of the war. VFL club University left the league and went into recess due to severe casualties.
The role of the Australian National Football Council ANFC was primarily to govern the game at a national level and to facilitate interstate representative and club competition.
The ANFC ran the Championship of Australia , the first national club competition, which commenced in and saw clubs from different states compete on an even playing field.
The last match was played in , with North Adelaide being the last non-Victorian winner in Between and , the ANFC, and later the Australian Football Championships AFC ran a night series , which invited clubs and representative sides from around the country to participate in a knock-out tournament parallel to the premiership seasons, which Victorian sides still dominated.
With the lack of international competition, state representative matches were regarded with great importance.
The Australian Football Council co-ordinated regular interstate carnivals, including the Australasian Football Jubilee , held in Melbourne in to celebrate the game's semicentenary.
State of Origin rules, introduced in , stipulated that rather than representing the state of their adopted club, players would return to play for the state they were first recruited in.
This instantly broke Victoria's stranglehold over state titles and Western Australia and South Australia began to win more of their games against Victoria.
The term " Barassi Line ", named after VFL star Ron Barassi , was coined by scholar Ian Turner in to describe the "fictitious geographical barrier" separating large parts of New South Wales and Queensland which predominately followed the two rugby codes from the rest of the country, where Australian football reigned.
The way the game was played had changed dramatically due to innovative coaching tactics, with the phasing out of many of the game's kicking styles and the increasing use of handball; while presentation was influenced by television.
In , in a move that heralded big changes within the sport, one of the original VFL clubs, South Melbourne, relocated to Sydney and became known as the Sydney Swans.
In the late s, due to the poor financial standing of many of the Victorian clubs, and a similar situation existing in Western Australia in the sport, the VFL pursued a more national competition.
Two more non-Victorian clubs, West Coast and Brisbane , joined the league in To protect these revenues the VFL granted significant draft concessions and financial aid to keep the expansion clubs competitive.
Each club was required to pay a licence fee which allowed the Victorian-based clubs to survive. Following the emergence of the AFL, state leagues were quickly relegated to a second-tier status.
State of Origin also declined in importance, especially after an increasing number of player withdrawals. State and territorial leagues still contest interstate matches, as do AFL Women players.
The AFL signalled further attempts at expansion in the s by hosting home-and-away matches in New Zealand,  followed by China.
The field, like the ball, is oval-shaped, and in Australia, cricket grounds are often used. No more than 18 players of each team or, in AFL Women's 16 players are permitted to be on the field at any time.
Up to four interchange reserve players may be swapped for those on the field at any time during the game. In Australian rules terminology , these players wait for substitution "on the bench"—an area with a row of seats on the sideline.
Players must interchange through a designated interchange "gate" with strict penalties for too many players from one team on the field.
In addition, some leagues have each team designate one player as a substitute who can be used to make a single permanent exchange of players during a game.
There is no offside rule nor are there set positions in the rules; unlike many other forms of football, players from both teams may disperse across the whole field before the start of play.
However, a typical on-field structure consists of six forwards , six defenders or "backmen" and six midfielders , usually two wingmen , one centre and three followers , including a ruckman , ruck-rover and rover.
Only four players from each team are allowed within the centre square 50 metres or 55 yards at every centre bounce, which occurs at the commencement of each quarter, and to restart the game after a goal is scored.
There are also other rules pertaining to allowed player positions during set plays that is, after a mark or free kick and during kick-ins following the scoring of a behind.
A game consists of four-quarters and a timekeeper officiates their duration. At the professional level, each quarter consists of 20 minutes of play, with the clock being stopped for instances such as scores, the ball going out of bounds or at the umpire's discretion, e.
Schussvarianten, die aus dem heutigen Spiel verschwunden sind, sind der drop kick ähnlich dem drop punt, nur dass der Ball den Boden berührt, kurz bevor er geschossen wird und der place kick bei dem der Ball auf dem Boden platziert wird, wenn aufs Tor geschossen wird; vergleichbar mit dem place kick bei Rugby Union.
Falls der Ball die Seitenlinie boundary line überquert, gibt es zwei Möglichkeiten. Sollte er vorher den Boden berührt oder die Hand verlassen haben, und nicht absichtlich ins Aus befördert worden sein, so wird er von einem Schiedsrichter so weit wie möglich ins Spielfeld geworfen boundary throw-in.
An jedem Ende des Spielfeldes befinden sich vier vertikale Stangen. Die beiden mittleren sind die Tor-Pfosten goal posts und die kleineren zu jeder Seite die Neben-Pfosten behind posts auch Punkt-Pfosten point posts genannt.
Ein Tor wird erzielt, wenn der Ball vom angreifenden Team in irgendeiner Höhe d. Dabei darf er auch den Boden berühren, jedoch weder Mit- noch Gegenspieler.
Ein Tor zählt sechs Punkte, ein Behind einen. Der Tor-Schiedsrichter signalisiert ein Tor mit beiden auf Ellbogenhöhe ausgestreckten Händen, ein Behind nur mit einer Hand, um danach das Signal mit dem anderen Torschiedsrichter abzustimmen, indem er Flaggen über seinem Kopf schwenkt bei einem Tor mit zwei Flaggen und bei einem Behind nur mit einer.
Das Team, das am Ende des Spieles die meisten Punkte hat, hat gewonnen. Ein Punktestand von zehn Toren und zehn Behinds entspricht einer Gesamtpunktzahl von Ein Punktestand von neun Toren und 18 Behinds 72 Punkten.
Der letzte Punktestand würde das Spiel gewinnen, obwohl das Team ein Tor weniger geschossen hat. Dieses System funktioniert erstaunlich gut.
Am Nur wenige Details sind von dieser Partie überliefert. August ereigneten sich zwei wichtige Begebenheiten in der Entwicklung von Australian Football.
Ein zweiter Spieltag fand am August und ein dritter und letzter am 4. September statt. Seitdem gab es jährlich ein Spiel zwischen diesen beiden Teams.
Jedoch dürften die in der Partie benutzten Regeln nicht mehr viele Gemeinsamkeiten mit der heutigen Form von Australian Football haben, da Wills nie die Regeln niederschrieb.
Niedergeschrieben am In den Regeln von fehlten einige Regularien, die sehr bald wichtige Elemente des Spiels wurden, wie zum Beispiel das Prellen des Balls während des Rennens.
Once a starting player gets substituted these players then become rolling. There are 7 umpires for Aussie Rules in total.
The three main umpires are known as filed umpires and they basically oversee all the decisions on filed such as time keeping, infringements and enforcing the rules.
The two line judges are there to see if the ball goes out of play or not — these judges can also intervene where on filed umpires have missed a decision.
The last two umpires are goal umpires and its their job to signal if a goal has been scored successfully or not. If the ball is kicked between the two goal posts middle posts then 6 points are awarded.Das bedeutet, dass die Uhr stoppt, wenn der Ball im Aus ist bzw. Da sich der Australian Football weltweit auf nahezu nur eine Liga beschränkt, Lotto MГјnchen das Ganze im Kern sehr übersichtlich. Essendon Bombers.